top of page
  • BlueDolphin

Docker - Analyzing Images Offline

Summary

Docker images offer many benefits, they can also present challenges for developers and security professionals who need to understand and analyze the underlying components of a Docker image. Reverse engineering Docker images can be a valuable technique for gaining insight into the contents and structure of a Docker image, and can help developers and security professionals to better understand the risks and vulnerabilities associated with the use of Docker in their applications. In this blog post, we will explore the basics of Docker image reverse engineering, and provide some practical tips and techniques for analyzing Docker images and understanding their contents. Labs from TryHackMe are used in this blog.


Reverse Engineering with Dive

Dive is a popular open-source tool used for reverse engineering and analyzing Docker images. It provides an interactive interface for exploring the contents of a Docker image, and can help developers and security professionals to understand the structure, dependencies, and vulnerabilities of a Docker image.


Dive works by analyzing the different layers of a Docker image and presenting them in a tree-like structure, with each layer representing a specific component or dependency of the image. By exploring the layers and their dependencies, users can gain a detailed understanding of the image's contents, including the libraries, binaries, and other files that are included in the image.

One of the key features of Dive is its ability to highlight potential vulnerabilities and security risks in a Docker image. It can detect outdated libraries, insecure configurations, and other potential security issues, and provides recommendations for how to address these issues.


Another useful feature of Dive is its ability to compare different versions of a Docker image and identify differences between them. This can be particularly useful for developers who are working on multiple versions of an application, or for security professionals who are monitoring changes to a Docker image over time.


Overall, Dive is a powerful tool for reverse engineering and analyzing Docker images, and can help developers and security professionals to gain a deeper understanding of the contents and structure of their Docker images, and to identify potential security risks and vulnerabilities.


Docker Layers

In Docker, an image is composed of multiple layers, with each layer representing a set of changes to the filesystem. Each layer is built on top of the previous layer, creating a stack of layers that make up the final Docker image. These layers are stored in a union filesystem, which allows Docker to efficiently store and manage changes to the image.


When using Dive to reverse engineer a Docker image, the tool analyzes each layer of the image and presents them in a tree-like structure. The top of the tree represents the final image layer, while the lower levels represent the individual layers that were used to build the image.


By exploring each layer in the tree, users can gain a detailed understanding of the components and dependencies that are included in the image. For example, users can view the installed packages, libraries, and binaries that are included in each layer, as well as any changes that were made to the filesystem.


One of the key benefits of using layers in Docker is that they allow for efficient storage and management of Docker images. Because each layer only contains changes to the filesystem, Docker can reuse layers across multiple images, reducing the overall storage requirements and improving performance.


Practical example
  1. Download and install Dive

  2. Download your Docker Images

  3. List the Docker images with "docker images"


4. Use Dive to RE and analyze an image based on the Image ID from the previous step. Here is where you will see all the information about Docker Layers.

dive 2a0a63ea5d88


END

42 views0 comments

Yorumlar


bottom of page